[gardeners] Ivy Gourd, Kaempfer or Cork Wood Tree

Sharon Gordon (gardeners@globalgarden.com)
Sun, 11 Mar 2001 13:53:12 -0500

At 01:44 PM 3/11/01 -0500, you wrote:
>Ivy gourd is Ivy Gourd, Coccinea grandis, Cucurbitaceae
>In Hawaii, it is acting rather like Kudzu.
>It looks like a cucumber vine with hot red peppers growing on it.
>The fruits and leaves are edible.  Cook the leaves and the fruits
>can be raw or cooked and eaten young or ripe.  It has
>some medicinal uses as well.  It has both male and female
>Kaempfer is most likely Kaempferia  which is  lesser galangale which is
>a root similar to ginger and turmeric and is a cousin to both. Seems to me 
>that it was better known in the middle ages.  I think Penzey's sells it.
>Our local ethnic grocery store has it or greater galangale occasionally,
>though I am not sure which as they don't label it.
>It got its German name due to being named after a German botanist
>who worked in the late 1600's.
>But it could be
>Latin Name Common Name Family Synonyms
>Aristolochia kaempferiAristolochiaceaeA. lineata. Hocquartia kaempferi.; 
>Aristolochia lineata; Hocquartia kaempferi
>Broussonetia kazinokiKozoMoraceaeB. kaempferi. non Sieb.&Zucc. B. monoica. 
>B. sieboldii.; Broussonetia kaempferi
>Catalpa ovataChinese catalpaBignoniaceaeC. kaempferi.; Catalpa kaempferi
>Farfugium japonicumLeopard plantCompositaeLigularia kaempferi. 
>(DC.)Sieb.&Zucc. L. tussilaginea. (Burm.)Makino. Senecio kaempferi. DC. 
>Tussilago japonica.; Ligularia kaempferi; Senecio kaempferi
>Iris ensataJapanese water irisIridaceaeI. kaempferi. I. lactea.; Iris 
>Iris macrosiphonBowltube irisIridaceaeI. amabilis. I. californica. I. 
>elata.; I. kaempferi
>Larix kaempferiJapanese larchPinaceaeAbies leptolepis; L. japonica; L. 
>kaempferi var. pendula; L. leptolepis; L. leptolepis f. pendula; L. 
>leptolepis var. murrayana; L. leptolepis var. pendula; Pinus kaempferi; 
>Pseudolarix kaempferi
>Phytolacca acinosaIndian pokePhytolaccaceaeP. kaempferi
>Phytolacca esculentaPhytolaccaceaeP. acinosa esculenta. P. kaempferi.; 
>Phytolacca kaempferi
>Pseudolarix amabilisGolden larchPinaceaeP. fortunei. Mayr. P. kaempferi. 
>Gord.; Pseudolarix kaempferi; Larix kaempferi; Larix kaempferi var. 
>pendula; Pinus kaempferi
>Rhododendron kaempferiEricaceaeAzalea obtusa var. kaempferi; R. obtusum 
>var. kaempferi
>Rhus vernicifluaLacquer treeAnacardiaceaeR. kaempferi. R. vernicifera. R. 
>vernix. non L. Toxicodendron verniciflua. (Stokes.)F.Barkley.
>Vitis thunbergiiVitaceaeV. sieboldii.; V. kaempferi
>For the Cork Wood Tree, I would guess the Cork Oak, Quercus Suber.
>It takes 40 years to get from acorn to first wine cork and then you can get
>more corks every 9-12 years.  They usually grow around the mediterranean
>mostly.  The only one I can think of in the US is on the campus of
>UC-Davis in California.
>There's also Phellodendron amurense  with an edible turpentine
>scented fruit and P. japonicum which are sometimes
>called Cork Trees.  They have little black fruits.
>And Entelea arborescens which is
>an evergreen shrub and not